Tables for
Volume F
Crystallography of biological macromolecules
Edited by M. G. Rossmann and E. Arnold

International Tables for Crystallography (2006). Vol. F. ch. 23.4, p. 637   | 1 | 2 |


C. Mattosa* and D. Ringeb

aDepartment of Molecular and Structural Biochemistry, North Carolina State University, 128 Polk Hall, Raleigh, NC 02795, USA, and  bRosenstiel Basic Medical Sciences Research Center, Brandeis University, 415 South St, Waltham, MA 02254, USA
Correspondence e-mail:


van der Waals surface diagram of the water pentagons A, C, D and E in crambin viewed in the negative a direction. Rings A, C and E form a cap around leucine 18. Hydrophobic atoms are shown as dark circles, and water oxygens are shown as light circles. The methyl group of leucine 18 can be seen through the C ring. Adjacent translationally related molecules are shaded. The van der Waals radii used for the protein C, N and O atoms are 1.7, 1.4 and 1.4 Å, respectively, and for water oxygen, 1.8 Å. The larger radius is used for the water oxygens because hydrogen atoms have been omitted. Reprinted with the permission of the author from Teeter (1984[link]).