International Tables for Crystallography (2019). Vol. H, ch. 7.2, pp. 737-751
https://doi.org/10.1107/97809553602060000976

Chapter 7.2. Forensic applications of X-ray powder diffraction

Contents

  • 7.2. Forensic applications of X-ray powder diffraction  (pp. 737-751) | html | pdf | chapter contents |
    • 7.2.1. Introduction  (pp. 737-742) | html | pdf |
      • 7.2.1.1. Background information  (p. 737) | html | pdf |
      • 7.2.1.2. Preservation of evidence  (p. 737) | html | pdf |
      • 7.2.1.3. Versatility  (pp. 737-741) | html | pdf |
        • 7.2.1.3.1. Drugs and toxicology  (pp. 737-738) | html | pdf |
        • 7.2.1.3.2. Paint and pigments  (pp. 738-739) | html | pdf |
        • 7.2.1.3.3. Pathology  (p. 739) | html | pdf |
        • 7.2.1.3.4. Metals and alloys  (p. 739) | html | pdf |
        • 7.2.1.3.5. Soils and minerals  (pp. 739-740) | html | pdf |
        • 7.2.1.3.6. Gunshot residues and explosives  (p. 740) | html | pdf |
        • 7.2.1.3.7. Paper  (p. 740) | html | pdf |
        • 7.2.1.3.8. Plastics and polymers  (p. 740) | html | pdf |
        • 7.2.1.3.9. Miscellaneous  (pp. 740-741) | html | pdf |
      • 7.2.1.4. Variable specimen size  (p. 741) | html | pdf |
      • 7.2.1.5. Contamination  (p. 741) | html | pdf |
      • 7.2.1.6. Identification versus comparison  (p. 741) | html | pdf |
      • 7.2.1.7. Complementary techniques  (pp. 741-742) | html | pdf |
    • 7.2.2. Instrumentation  (p. 742) | html | pdf |
      • 7.2.2.1. Choice of instrumentation  (p. 742) | html | pdf |
        • 7.2.2.1.1. Reflection or transmission diffractometry  (p. 742) | html | pdf |
        • 7.2.2.1.2. Scanning detector or stationary position-sensitive detector (PSD)  (p. 742) | html | pdf |
        • 7.2.2.1.3. One-dimensional or two-dimensional detector  (p. 742) | html | pdf |
        • 7.2.2.1.4. Energy dispersive X-ray diffraction (EDXRD)  (p. 742) | html | pdf |
        • 7.2.2.1.5. Focal construct geometry  (p. 742) | html | pdf |
      • 7.2.2.2. Choice of radiation  (p. 742) | html | pdf |
    • 7.2.3. Technical procedures  (pp. 742-745) | html | pdf |
      • 7.2.3.1. Variety and types of specimen encountered and specimen preparation  (pp. 742-743) | html | pdf |
      • 7.2.3.2. Specimen preparation – powders  (p. 743) | html | pdf |
      • 7.2.3.3. Specimen preparation – metals and alloys  (p. 743) | html | pdf |
      • 7.2.3.4. Specimen preparation – monolithic (polycrystalline)  (pp. 743-744) | html | pdf |
      • 7.2.3.5. Sample preparation – single crystal  (p. 744) | html | pdf |
      • 7.2.3.6. Interpretation of results: identifications and comparisons, checking procedures  (p. 744) | html | pdf |
        • 7.2.3.6.1. Use of the ICDD Powder Diffraction File and local databases  (p. 744) | html | pdf |
      • 7.2.3.7. Data archives for statistical and reference purposes  (pp. 744-745) | html | pdf |
      • 7.2.3.8. Continuity of evidence  (p. 745) | html | pdf |
      • 7.2.3.9. Presentation of evidence to the court  (p. 745) | html | pdf |
    • 7.2.4. Examples of forensic casework involving the use of XRPD  (pp. 745-747) | html | pdf |
      • 7.2.4.1. Criminal damage to an automobile  (p. 746) | html | pdf |
      • 7.2.4.2. Fatal road traffic accident  (pp. 746-747) | html | pdf |
      • 7.2.4.3. Attempted murder?  (p. 747) | html | pdf |
      • 7.2.4.4. Synthesis of crack cocaine  (p. 747) | html | pdf |
    • 7.2.5. Summary  (pp. 747-748) | html | pdf |
      • 7.2.5.1. Advantages and limitations of XRPD in forensic science  (pp. 747-748) | html | pdf |
      • 7.2.5.2. Thoughts on the future  (p. 748) | html | pdf |
    • References | html | pdf |
    • Figures
      • Fig. 7.2.1. A powder pattern of cocaine hydrochloride (PDF No  (p. 746) | html | pdf |
      • Fig. 7.2.2. (a) A particle from vehicle oil mounted on a glass fibre, (b) the two-dimensional Gandolfi pattern and (c) the integrated digitized pattern (top) and PDF pattern (bottom) No  (p. 746) | html | pdf |
      • Fig. 7.2.3. (a) Yellow powder particles glued to a glass fibre, (b) their two-dimensional Debye–Scherrer powder pattern and (c) the digitized powder pattern (top) and PDF pattern (bottom) No  (p. 747) | html | pdf |
    • Tables
      • Table 7.2.1. Statistics generated from a decade of drug analysis by XRPD  (p. 745) | html | pdf |