International Tables for Crystallography

How to cite and link to volumes and articles

The best way to cite a volume or chapter of International Tables for Crystallography depends on whether it is in print or online.

If you are citing a volume or chapter that is part of International Tables Online, we recommend that you use a doi-based URL. The URL can be found near the top of the appropriate html page at, for example:

These URLs can also be used to link to the volume or chapter. Early view chapters (i.e. chapters that are available online but have not yet been assigned a chapter number or page numbers) can also be cited and linked to using these URLs.

If you wish to cite a chapter or volume that is in print, we recommend using one of the following styles of reference: