International Tables for Crystallography (2012). Vol. F, ch. 10.1, pp. 241-248   | 1 | 2 |
doi: 10.1107/97809553602060000827

Chapter 10.1. Introduction to cryocrystallography

Contents

  • 10.1. Introduction to cryocrystallography  (pp. 241-248) | html | pdf | chapter contents |
    • 10.1.1. Cooling of biocrystals  (pp. 241-242) | html | pdf |
      • 10.1.1.1. Physical chemistry of biocrystals  (pp. 241-242) | html | pdf |
      • 10.1.1.2. Internal ice or phase transition  (p. 242) | html | pdf |
      • 10.1.1.3. Removal of the solvent layer  (p. 242) | html | pdf |
      • 10.1.1.4. Cooling rates  (p. 242) | html | pdf |
    • 10.1.2. Beneficial effects of low temperature  (pp. 242-244) | html | pdf |
      • 10.1.2.1. Suppression of radiation damage  (pp. 242-243) | html | pdf |
      • 10.1.2.2. Mechanical stability of the crystal mount  (p. 243) | html | pdf |
      • 10.1.2.3. Effect on resolution  (p. 243) | html | pdf |
      • 10.1.2.4. Annealing of biocrystals  (pp. 243-244) | html | pdf |
      • 10.1.2.5. Additional benefits from sub-77 K cooling with helium  (p. 244) | html | pdf |
    • 10.1.3. Principles of cooling equipment  (pp. 244-245) | html | pdf |
      • 10.1.3.1. Liquid-nitrogen-based cold gas supply  (p. 244) | html | pdf |
      • 10.1.3.2. Liquid-helium-based cold gas supply  (pp. 244-245) | html | pdf |
      • 10.1.3.3. Frost prevention  (p. 245) | html | pdf |
    • 10.1.4. Operational considerations  (pp. 245-247) | html | pdf |
      • 10.1.4.1. Dual-stream instruments  (p. 245) | html | pdf |
      • 10.1.4.2. Electrically heated nozzle  (pp. 245-246) | html | pdf |
      • 10.1.4.3. Temperature calibration  (pp. 246-247) | html | pdf |
      • 10.1.4.4. Transfer of the crystal to the diffractometer  (p. 247) | html | pdf |
      • 10.1.4.5. Automated robotic crystal handling  (p. 247) | html | pdf |
    • 10.1.5. Concluding note  (p. 247) | html | pdf |
    • References | html | pdf |
    • Figures
      • Fig. 10.1.4.1. Schematic drawing of a dual-stream setup with the streams parallel to the diffractometer ϕ axis  (p. 245) | html | pdf |
      • Fig. 10.1.4.2. Schematic drawing of a dual-stream setup with the streams angled relative to the diffractometer ϕ axis  (p. 245) | html | pdf |
      • Fig. 10.1.4.3. Schematic drawing of a single-stream setup with the stream parallel to the diffractometer ϕ axis  (p. 246) | html | pdf |
      • Fig. 10.1.4.4. Schematic drawing of a single-stream setup with the stream angled relative to the diffractometer ϕ axis  (p. 246) | html | pdf |
      • Fig. 10.1.4.5. A crystal in a helium stream at 8 K in a setup corresponding to Fig. 10.1.4.4  (p. 246) | html | pdf |